Gender and political advertising across cultures: A comparison of male and female political advertising in Finland and the US

Title: Gender and political advertising across cultures: A comparison of male and female political advertising in Finland and the US

Year: 2001

Journal / Publication: European Journal of Communication

Volume: 16

Issue: 2

Pages: 131 – 154

Authors: Carlson, Tom

Abstract:

This article addresses the question whether the relationship between gender and televised political advertising, observed in the US, holds true regardless of context, or if it is conditioned by its setting. Results from a secondary comparative analysis of the advertising of male and female legislative candidates in Finland and the US are reported. Though the two countries are contrasting in several respects, most notably the extent of women’s political representation, the findings suggest that the female candidates’ communication strategies, independent of country, resemble those of their male colleagues. Hence, `hard’ issues and traits, stereotypically attributed to male politicians, are emphasized over `soft’ ones. Yet, the women candidates in both contexts also differ from the male candidates by additionally softening up this candidate image. Thus, it is concluded that this dual strategy of the female candidates, independent of country, reflects the need to consider persistent gender stereotypes on the electoral arena.

Link: http://ejc.sagepub.com/content/16/2/131.abstract

Keywords:

Campaign Strategies

Candidate Gender

Election Campaigns

Female Candidates

Political Advertising